Goa History – ‘Novas Conquistas’ (The New Conquests)

In 1741, the Marathas invaded Bardez and Salcete and threatened the city of Goa itself. Fortunately for the Portuguese, a new viceroy, the Marquis of Lourical arrived with substantial reinforcements and defeated the Marathas in Bardez. But the valuable Portuguese territory of Bassein further up the coast was lost to the Marathas. During this period, the Portuguese got involved in several frontier wars which enabled them to extend their control over Ponda, Sanguem, Quepem, Canacona, Pernem, Bicholim and Satari. Hence, although Portugal lost a large number of its Asian territories, Goa itself expanded.

This second (and final) phase of Portuguese expansion was rather different from their initial conquests. By the time these territories were added, the zeal for religious conversions had died down. In fact, the Portuguese mistrusting the Jesuits whom they viewed as being puppets of the pope in Rome, banned the order in 1759. By 1835, all religious orders were banned, while the hindu majority were “granted” the freedom to practice their religion. As a result, the “New Conquests” retained their hindu identity, a characteristic that persists until today.

During the first half of XVIII, Goa is still obtaining gold and ivory from east Africa and still is important commerce center diamonds, perhaps more important than Madrasta. By the year 1725, the economic center of the Empire is shifted to S.Salvador, Brazil.

  • 1707,Mughal map from India:
    Diu, Daman, Bassein (Baçaim), Chaul and Goa, in the west coast of India, from North to South:

Mughal-map-from-India (click on image to enlarge)

  • The New Conquests(shown in red)

Source:Wikipedia(click on image to enlarge)

  • The city of Diu,1750

The-city-of-Diu-1746 (click on image to enlarge)

  • The New Conquests, around Goa ; Diu, Daman,circa 1750, and Dadra / Nagar Haveli

Source: http://www.twcenter.net/

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